About Baltic Amber

Complete information about what is Baltic Amber.

Baltic Amber is a 40 million year old resin that is thought to have originated with conifers of the family Pinaceae that grew in the area that is now Northern Europe. This family of trees resembles current species such as cedar and larch.  It is unlikely, however, that fossil resins from only this tree family are included in Baltic Amber.

The main deposits of Baltic Amber lie by the Sambian Peninsular and the Bay of Gdansk. It is estimated that 90% of the world’s supply of amber lies in this region.

Baltic Amber is a class I amber that is found in the Baltic region of Europe.

More specifically, Baltic Amber is class IA, which class includes succinite, also commonly known as normal Baltic Amber.

A distinguishing characteristic of Baltic Amber is that the succinic acid content ranges from 3 to 8%. This is high compared to other ambers found around the world.

Baltic Amber is often referred to as “Normal Amber” or “Natural Amber”.

Natural Amber is a term that is internationally recognized to define pure genuine amber products made from Baltic Amber which products do not contain colorants, adhesives, glues or any other additives.

Natural Amber is Baltic Amber only. It is pure. It is genuine Baltic Amber.

Natural Amber can be recognized when tested using Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy (IRS). The spectral curve that results will be similar across the spectrum of the various classifications of Baltic Amber.

Note that “Only IRS may reliably check whether a given piece of Baltic Amber is real.” (Ref:   http://www.amber.org.pl/english/laboratory/   )

The International Amber Association, Gdansk Poland, in its effort to assure honesty and maintain the reputation of Polish amber, has created categories or classifications for Baltic Amber.

All these classifications are Natural Amber as generally defined by the international community.

All are succinite. That is the defining term for Baltic Amber.

The first classification is Natural Baltic Amber (succinite),  the second classification is Modified Baltic Amber (succinite) and the third is Reconstructed (Pressed) Baltic Amber (succinite),

These classifications relate to the way amber is processed. Under IRS examination the resulting spectral curve for each of these classifications show the functional groups related to natural Baltic Amber. Regardless of how amber is processed these functional groups do not change during thermal treatment or pressing.

Baltic Amber is highly valued as a gemstone.  And because of its high value, amber imitations are aggressively marketed.  Read About Fake Amber Here.

Baltic Amber has also been and continues to be used as a medicine. Full information about that is at Medical Use Of Amber.


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