• Steam Engine Heavy Freight  Model TY23

Steam Engine TY-23

About one of the most built steam engines used in Poland - the TY-23.

The prototype locomotive was developed in 1923 by Eng. Wenceslas Łopuszyńskiego and the technical documentation was developed in cooperation with the German factory Schwartzkopff (BMAG). Due to the lack of readiness of Polish factories the Ty23 were produced abroad - the first 15 engines produced in 1923, Schwartzkopff (Ty23-1 numbers - 15), a further 60 units in 1924-1925, at better price, by the Belgian factory Cockerill (26 units, Ty23-16 - 41), St. Leonard (19 pieces Ty23-42 - 60) and Franco-Belge (15 pieces, Ty23-61 - 75) . Production then shifted to three domestic factories. In the years 1926-1932 164 locomotives were built in factories H. Cegielski Poznan in the years 1927-1934 - 266 locomotives in WSABP and in 1929-1931 - 106 pieces First Locomotive Factory in Chrzanow. A total of 612 units were built.


These locomotives were the core of freight locomotives in heavy goods traffic before 1939. Starting in 1937 they began to be replaced by locomotives Ty37.

During The Second World War German the railway confiscated 439 Ty23 engines and designated the Ty23 as a series of 58 23-27. 170 locomotives in 1939 went to the USSR, and 5 were transferred to Romania (denoted there as a series 150). A further 73 locomotives were captured by the Germans during the attack on the Soviet Union, of which the German railways ministry took 31. Some of the locomotives of this type were later re-captured by the Soviet Union. After the war, for a short period, 8 locomotives served in the Czechoslovak railways as a series 537.1 (7 of them were returned in 1948).

After the war, Poland had 258 locomotives Ty23. Up until 156 Poland reclaimed its TY23 from neighboring countries. The final total was 312 once again on the Polish rails only to be gradually replaced by newer engines, particularly the Ty45.

Some of the reasons for replacement were, no mechanical coal feeder, lower efficiency due to lower vapor pressure in the boiler, lower pulling power and natural wear and tear.

Ty23 locomotives completed their operations in 1979. Many of them ended their lives on industrial sidings

In Poland there are three preserved steam locomotives in open-air museums: Ty23-104 (construction HCP) in Chabowka, Ty23-145 (bud. WSABP) in Jaworzyna Slaska and Ty23-273 (bud. WSABP, rebuilt into broad gauge), which in mid-March 2012 it was taken from the museum in Karsznice to the roundhouse in Skierniewice (belonging to the Polish Association of Railway Lovers).

What follows is information about the model plans that you can use to model the TY23 and a link to where you may purchase that model.

Plans To Build Steam Engine TY3

You get plans to model this Polish Standard Gauge Steam Engine TY3

This is what the model looks like when completed


steam engine TY 23 -8 steam engine TY 23 -6 steam engine TY 23 -7
steam engine TY 23-9 steam engine TY 23 -12 steam engine TY 23 -11
steam engine TY 23-13 . .


You get a book of plans and information, including specifications, about the engine.

The plans offer modelers and collectors the opportunity to build a highly detailed, museum quality, replica of the original locomotive. The model can be made using 1 mm card stock, styrene, or brass. The basic instructions in the book focus on card stock construction. Just substitute the material of your choice.

The resulting model is a highly detailed 1 to 25 scale replica of the original engine.

You can see a video review of this book with all the details at this link. Video being updated.

Here are images of some of the pages in the book. They show the visual instructions, text information and instructions plus some of the pages with cutouts.

Do watch the video for complete information.

steam engine TY 23 steam engine TY 23 -1 steam engine TY 23 -2
steam engine TY 23-3 steam engine TY 23-5 steam engine TY 23 -4


TY3 Plan Book Detail

Plan book title - Polska Ciezki Parowoz Towarowy Z 123 Roku

Number/size of the sheets with parts to cut out: 28 x A3

Number/size of the sheets with instruction drawings: 9 x A3

page with photographs of the model

Steel elements printed with use of metallic paint

Difficulty level of the model in 1-5 scale: 5    (from 1-very simple to 5-very complicated)

Computer drawings

Scale 1:25

Length of the model: 800 mm

Author: Jerzy Janukowicz


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Steam Engine Heavy Freight Model TY23

  • Product Code: steam ty23
  • Availability: In Stock
  • $39.99

  • Ex Tax: $39.99

Tags: model, steam engine, train, modelek, ty-23